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Cooking fuels and the push for cleaner alternatives: a case study from Burkina Faso
Institute of Public Health, University of Heidelberg .
2009 (English)In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 2, 156-164 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Introduction: More than 95% of the population in Burkina Faso uses some form of solid biomass fuel. When these fuels are burned in traditional, inefficient stoves, pollutant levels within and outside the home can be very high. This can have important consequences for both health and climate change. Thus, the push to switch to cleaner burning fuels is advantageous. However, there are several considerations that need to be taken into account when considering the use and promotion of different fuel types.

Objective: In the setting of the semi-urban area of Nouna, Burkina Faso, we examine the common fuel types used (wood, charcoal and liquid petroleum gas (LPG)) in terms of consumption, energy, availability, air pollution and climate change.

Results and conclusion: Although biomass solid fuel does offer some advantages over LPG, the disadvantages make this option much less desirable. Lower energy efficiencies, higher pollutant emission levels, the associated health consequences and climate change effects favour the choice of LPG over solid biomass fuel use. Further studies specific to Burkina Faso, which are lacking in this region, should also be undertaken in this area to better inform policy decisions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Co-Action Publishing , 2009. Vol. 2, 156-164 p.
Keyword [en]
biomass, fuel, Burkina Faso, air pollution, climate change, wood, liquid petroleum gas
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-116044DOI: 10.3402/gha.v2i0.2088ISI: 000208160000045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-116044DiVA: diva2:903329
Available from: 2016-02-15 Created: 2016-02-08 Last updated: 2016-02-15Bibliographically approved

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Sauerborn, Rainer
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