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Frailty and comprehensive geriatric assessment organized as CGA-ward or CGA-consult for older adult patients in the acute care setting: a systematic review and meta-analysis
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2015 (English)In: European Geriatric Medicine, ISSN 1878-7649, E-ISSN 1878-7657, Vol. 6, no 6, 523-540 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Background: With worldwide population aging, increasing numbers of people need hospital care. Evidence suggests comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is superior to usual care.

Objective: To summarize the evidence for the effects of CGA in frail and moderately frail patients compared with usual care in acute care settings.

Data sources: CINAHL, PsycInfo, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched in October 2011, January 2013, and February 2015.

Study eligibility: Randomized controlled trials.

Participants: Older adults aged ≥ 65 years who were admitted to hospital with a complex condition, divided into frail and moderately frail groups.

Intervention: CGA.

Control: Usual care.

Outcomes: Change in housing, personal activities of daily living (PADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), readmission, cognitive function, depression, quality-of-life care-giver burden, and mortality.

Study appraisal and synthesis: The grading of recommendations assessment development and evaluation (GRADE) system to assess the quality of evidence and PRISMA-guidelines for meta-analyses and reviews. Continuous data were presented as standardized mean differences and dichotomous data were presented as risk differences.

Results: Twenty-nine articles based on 17 unique studies (6005 patients in total). CGA was categorized as CGA-ward or CGA-consult. In the frail group, CGA-ward was superior to usual care for change in housing, PADL, and depression. CGA-consult was superior to usual care for PADL and IADL in the moderately frail group.

Conclusion: There was a stronger effect for frail older adults and CGA-ward compared with usual care. This highlights the importance of detecting frailty. However, the degree of evidence was limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 6, no 6, 523-540 p.
Keyword [en]
Comprehensive geriatric assessment, Frailty, Acute care, Systematic review, Meta-analysis
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-116760DOI: 10.1016/j.eurger.2015.10.007ISI: 000368322100004OAI: diva2:903923
Available from: 2016-02-17 Created: 2016-02-11 Last updated: 2016-02-24Bibliographically approved

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Wisten, Aase
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Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine
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