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Should we extract teeth to avoid tooth-implant combinations?
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology, Periodontology.
2008 (English)In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, ISSN 0305-182X, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 35, no Suppl 1, 44-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

The controversy over combining teeth and implants for support of fixed partial dentures still remains after almost three decades of debate. The aim of this review was to evaluate what support that could be found in the literature for extracting teeth in favour of implants, and to elucidate whether tooth-implant prostheses were inferior to solely implant supported constructions in terms of survival and complications. The methods for gathering relevant information entailed electronic searches on PubMed using relevant key words, as well as complementary manual searches in the retrieved publications. The results showed that there was no support for extracting teeth in favour of placing implants. On the contrary, the healthy tooth had a survival that was life-long, which is yet to be shown for the dental implant. Also the use of teeth as abutments in combination with dental implants for support of fixed dental prostheses could be endorsed in certain situations with solid albeit limited scientific support. in a wider sense, such prostheses could be used as a reliable therapy in all regions of the jaws. However the status of the abutment teeth in terms of periodontal support, pulpal status and risk for carious lesions and biomechanical complications should always be considered in relation to the long-term prognosis of the prosthesis. The conclusion was that teeth should not be extracted in favour of placing dental implants without a specific indication, and that tooth-implant supported prostheses should be considered as a viable prosthetic option.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxon: Blackwell Publishing, 2008. Vol. 35, no Suppl 1, 44-54 p.
Keyword [en]
dental implantation, decision making, prognosis, survival, tooth-implant combination, extraction, tooth intrusion
National Category
Dentistry Surgery
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117527DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2007.01828.xISI: 000251859300006PubMedID: 18181933OAI: diva2:908060
Joint Conference of the Scandinavian-Society-for-Prosthetic-Dentistry/Danish-Society-of-Oral-Imp lantology, AUG 23-25, 2007, Copenhagen, DENMARK
Available from: 2016-03-01 Created: 2016-03-01 Last updated: 2016-03-01Bibliographically approved

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