Influence of pressure on pyrolysis of black liquor: 1. Swelling
2008 (English)In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 99, no 3, 663-670 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
This is the first of two papers concerning the behavior of black liquor during pyrolysis under pressurized conditions. Two industrial kraft liquors were pyrolyzed in a laboratory-scale pressurized single particle reactor and a pressurized grid heater at temperatures ranging from 650 to 1100 degrees C and at pressures between 1 and 20 bar. The dimensions of the chars produced were measured and the specific swollen volume was calculated. Swelling decreased roughly logarithmically over the pressure range 1-20 bar. An expression is developed to predict the specific swollen volume at elevated pressure when the volume at 1 bar is known. The bulk density of the char increased with pressure, indicating that liquors will be entrained less easily at higher pressures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Elsevier, 2008. Vol. 99, no 3, 663-670 p.
black liquor, bulk density, pressure, pyrolysis, swelling
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use Industrial Biotechnology Bioenergy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117509DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2006.11.065ISI: 000251491200029PubMedID: 17349790OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-117509DiVA: diva2:908381