Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
An Opinion on "Staging'' of Infant Formula: A Developmental Perspective on Infant Feeding
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - JPGN, ISSN 0277-2116, E-ISSN 1536-4801, Vol. 62, no 1, 9-21 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Breast milk is a dynamic fluid with compositional changes occurring throughout the period of lactation. Some of these changes in nutrient concentrations reflect the successively slowing growth rate and developmental changes in metabolic requirements that infants undergo during the first year of life. Infant formula, in contrast, has a static composition, intended to meet the nutritional requirements of infants from birth to 6 or 12 months of age. To better fit the metabolic needs of infants and to avoid nutrient limitations or excesses, we suggest that infant formulas should change in composition with the age of the infant, that is, different formulas are created/used for different ages during the first year of life. We propose that specific formulas for 0 to 3 months (stage 1), 3 to 6 months (stage 2), and 6 to 12 months (stage 3) of age may be nutritionally and physiologically advantageous to infants. Although this initially may impose some difficult practical/conceptual issues, we believe that this staging concept would improve nutrition of formula-fed infants and, ultimately, improve outcomes and make their performance more similar to that of breast-fed infants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 62, no 1, 9-21 p.
Keyword [en]
formula-feeding, human milk, infant nutrition
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117409DOI: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000806ISI: 000369300200001PubMedID: 25844707OAI: diva2:910123
Available from: 2016-03-08 Created: 2016-02-29 Last updated: 2016-03-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hernell, Olle
By organisation
In the same journal
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - JPGN

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 28 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link