The Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) longitudinal paediatric study I: the first 10 years
2008 (English)In: Clinical Respiratory Journal, ISSN 1752-6981, E-ISSN 1752-699X, Vol. 2, no Suppl 1, 26-33 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Background: Prospective studies of asthma and allergic conditions based oil the general population are scare.
Aim: To summarize the methods and main results from a prospective study among school children.
Methods: In 1996, a cohort of 3525 children aged 7/8 years in Northern Sweden were invited to a questionnaire survey using an expanded ISAAC protocol, and 97% participated. The cohort has been followed up yearly with high participation rate. Skin prick tests were conducted 1996, 2000 and 2006/2007. Allergens in dust from homes and schools have been analyzed. Sub samples have participated in interviews, lung function tests, bronchial hyper reactivity test, and analyses of IgE and IgG antibodies in serum.
Results: The prevalence of asthma was 6% at age 7-8 years and increased by age. The incidence of physician-diagnosed asthma after the age of 7-8 years was around 1/100/year. The prevalence of positive skin prick test increased from 21% at age 7-8 to 30% at age 11-12 years. Remission of allergic sensitization was rare, while asthma remission was 5% yearly. The main risk factor for asthma and allergic sensitization increased in importance with increasing age. Allergic and non-allergic asthma had different risk factor pattern. Environmental risk factors decreased in impact after the age of 7. Avoidance of pets at home did not protect from asthma or allergic sensitization.
Conclusion: The study includes important sources of data for further longitudinal analyses that will contribute to the understanding of the development and the nature of asthma and allergic sensitization.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2008. Vol. 2, no Suppl 1, 26-33 p.
asthma, allergic sensitization, prevalence, incidence
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117482DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-699X.2008.00081.xISI: 000259610500004PubMedID: 20298347OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-117482DiVA: diva2:911583
Workshop on Respiratory Epidemiologic Research, AUG 18-21, 2007, Lofoten, NORWAY