Drug-related hospital admissions among old people with dementia
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Purpose: Drug treatment associated problems, including medication errors and adverse drug events, are common, and are the cause of a large proportion of hospital admissions in old people. People with dementia are especially at risk of drug-related problems. The objectives of this study were to assess the occurrence and character of drug-related problems that lead to acute hospital admissions among old people with dementia or cognitive impairment.
Methods: This study was conducted in orthopedic and internal medicine wards in two hospitals in Northern Sweden. Information about acute admissions was collected from the medical records of the study population. A total of 458 people aged 65 years or older with dementia or cognitive impairment were included in the study. The contribution of drug related problems to each hospitalization was assessed.
Results: Of 458 acute hospital admissions, 189 (41.3%) were determined to be drug-related. The most common drug-related problem (86/189; 45.5%) was an adverse drug reaction. In total, 264 drugs were judged to be involved in 189 drug-related admissions, of which cardiovascular (29.5%) and psychotropic (26.9%) drugs were the most commonly involved drug classes. The relationship between the drug-related problem and the admission was judged certain in 25 cases, probable in 78 cases, and possible in 86 cases. Drug-related admissions were more common among people taking more drugs and among younger patients.
Conclusion: Drug-related problems appear to be responsible for a major proportion of hospitalizations among old people with dementia or cognitive impairment. Targeted interventions may be warranted to reduce drug-related problems.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118305OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-118305DiVA: diva2:912067