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Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in child malnutrition in Vietnam: findings from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, 2000-2011
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Center for Population Health Sciences, Hanoi School of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam; Center for Health System Research, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.
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2016 (English)In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 9, 29263Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Child malnutrition is not only a major contributor to child mortality and morbidity, but it can also determine socioeconomic status in adult life. The rate of under-five child malnutrition in Vietnam has significantly decreased, but associated inequality issues still need attention.

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore trends, contributing factors, and changes in inequalities for under-five child malnutrition in Vietnam between 2000 and 2011.

DESIGN: Data were drawn from the Viet Nam Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey for the years 2000 and 2011. The dependent variables used for the study were stunting, underweight, and wasting of under-five children. The concentration index was calculated to see the magnitude of child malnutrition, and the inequality was decomposed to understand the contributions of determinants to child malnutrition. The total differential decomposition was used to identify and explore factors contributing to changes in child malnutrition inequalities.

RESULTS: Inequality in child malnutrition increased between 2000 and 2011, even though the overall rate declined. Most of the inequality in malnutrition was due to ethnicity and socioeconomic status. The total differential decomposition showed that the biggest and second biggest contributors to the changes in underweight inequalities were age and socioeconomic status, respectively. Socioeconomic status was the largest contributor to inequalities in stunting.

CONCLUSIONS: Although the overall level of child malnutrition was improved in Vietnam, there were significant differences in under-five child malnutrition that favored those who were more advantaged in socioeconomic terms. The impact of socioeconomic inequalities in child malnutrition has increased over time. Multifaceted approaches, connecting several relevant ministries and sectors, may be necessary to reduce inequalities in childhood malnutrition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Co-Action Publishing , 2016. Vol. 9, 29263
Keyword [en]
trend, malnutrition, inequality, decomposition, Vietnam
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118310DOI: 10.3402/gha.v9.29263ISI: 000377802300005PubMedID: 26950558OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-118310DiVA: diva2:912086
Note

Special Issue: Millennium Development Goals in Vietnam : the Progress and Social Determinants

Available from: 2016-03-15 Created: 2016-03-15 Last updated: 2017-04-24Bibliographically approved

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Kien, Vu Duy

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