Dyslipidemia is common after spinal cord injury - independent of clinical measures
2015 (English)In: Jacobs Journal of Physical Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 2469-3103, Vol. 1, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To survey the incidence of clinical risk markers and its correlation with established clinical measurements for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a heterogeneous spinal cord injured (SCI) patient population.
Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional study.
Subjects: 78 patients with SCI, at different injury and functional level.
Methods: Anthropometric data, blood pressure, a blood lipid panel, blood glucose and a questionnaire were analyzed.
Results: Eighty-one percent of all patients had dyslipidemia (DL) and a majority of the patients with abdominal measures below the recommended cut-off levels had DL. Self-reported physical activity above the cut-off level was reported by 32.1%of the patients. There were no differences in clinical measures, serum lipid values and blood glucose between physically active and not active patients. No differences were seen between men/women, tetraplegia/paraplegia and wheelchair dependent/not wheelchair dependent patients.
Conclusion: DL is common and seems to be not treated or undertreated in the studied SCI patient group with different neurological lesion and functional levels. General anthropometric clinical measures do not seem to be valid for evaluating risk for CVD in this patient group.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 1, no 1
Cardiovascular Disease, Tetraplegia, Paraplegia, Blood Lipids, Blood Glucose, Anthropometry, BMI, Physical Activity
Neurology Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118527OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-118527DiVA: diva2:913733