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Tunable Diode Laser Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy for Detection of Potassium under Optically Thick Conditions
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5065-7786
2016 (English)In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, E-ISSN 1520-6882, Vol. 88, no 7, 3754-3760 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Potassium (K) is an important element related to ash and fine-particle formation in biomass combustion processes. In situ measurements of gaseous atomic potassium, K(g), using robust optical absorption techniques can provide valuable insight into the K chemistry. However, for typical parts per billion K(g) concentrations in biomass flames and reactor gases, the product of atomic line strength and absorption path length can give rise to such high absorbance that the sample becomes opaque around the transition line center. We present a tunable diode laser atomic absorption spectroscopy (TDLAAS) methodology that enables accurate, calibration-free species quantification even under optically thick conditions, given that Beer−Lambert’s law is valid. Analyte concentration and collisional line shape broadening are simultaneously determined by a least-squares fit of simulated to measured absorption profiles. Method validation measurements of K(g) concentrations in saturated potassium hydroxide vapor in the temperature range 950−1200 K showed excellent agreement with equilibrium calculations, and a dynamic range from 40 pptv cm to 40 ppmv cm. The applicability of the compact TDLAAS sensor is demonstrated by real-time detection of K(g) concentrations close to biomass pellets during atmospheric combustion in a laboratory reactor. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 88, no 7, 3754-3760 p.
National Category
Analytical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118864DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b04610ISI: 000373656300046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-118864DiVA: diva2:917130
Available from: 2016-04-05 Created: 2016-04-05 Last updated: 2016-08-18Bibliographically approved

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Qu, ZhechaoSteinvall, ErikGhorbani, RaminSchmidt, Florian M.
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Department of Applied Physics and Electronics
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Analytical Chemistry
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