Numerical simulation of the dynamics of a trapped molecular ion
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis explores the dynamics of a heteronuclear diatomic molecular ion, possessing a permanent electric dipole moment, µ, which is trapped in a linear Paul trap and can interact with an off-resonance laser field. To build our model we use the rigid-rotor approximation, where the dynamics of the molecular ion are limited to its translational and rotational motions of the center-of-mass. These dynamics are investigated by carrying out suitable numerical calculations.
To introduce our numerical methods, we divide our research topic into two different subjects. First, we ignore the rotational dynamics of the ion by assuming µ = 0. By this assumption, the system resembles an atomic ion, which mainly exhibits translational motion for its center of the mass when exposed to an external trapping field. To study this translational behavior, we implement full-quantum numerical simulations, in which a wave function is attributed to the ion. Finally, we study the quantum dynamics of the mentioned wave packet and we compare our results with those obtained classically.
In the latter case, we keep the permanent dipole moment of the ion and we study the probable effects of the interaction between the dipole moment and the trapping electric field, on both the translational and the rotational dynamics of the trapped molecular ion. In order to study these dynamics, we implement both classical and semi-classical numerical simulations. In the classical method, the rotational and the translational motions of the center of mass of the ion are obtained via classical equations of motion. On the other hand, in the semi-classical method, while the translational motion of the center-of-mass is still obtained classically, the rotation is treated full-quantum mechanically by considering the rotational wave function of the ion. In the semi-classical approach, we mainly study the probable couplings between the rotational states of the molecular ion, due to the interaction of the permanent dipole moment with the trapping electric field. In the end, we also present a semi-classical model, where the trapped molecular ion interacts with an off-resonance laser field.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2016. , 72 p.
diatomic molecular ion, linear Paul trap, rigid rotor, quantum rotational dynamics, wave-packet dynamics, time-dependent Schrödinger equation, stability
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118899ISBN: 978-91-7601-448-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-118899DiVA: diva2:917343
2016-04-28, N420, Naturvetarhuset, Umeå University, Umeå, 13:00 (English)
Drewsen, Michael, Professor
List of papers