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Vi är KRAV-märkta: Äldreomsorgens förutsättningar ger konsekvenser för psykosocial arbetsmiljö och hälsa
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Under 1990-talet skedde stora förändringar inom vård och omsorg i kommunal verksamhet på grund av kommunallagsändringen vilket innebar omorganiseringar, nedskärningar och effektiviseringar. Detta bidrog till sämre arbetsmiljö särskilt inom vård och omsorg. Belastningsskador och stress ökade. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka enhetschefers möjlighet att utöva närvarande ledarskap samt deras och medarbetares upplevelser av ledarskap och psykosocial arbetsmiljö och hälsa. Två äldreboenden i Umeå kommun ingick i studien i sammanlagt tre fokusgruppsintervjuer, en med enhetschefer och två med medarbetare totalt 12 deltagare. En abduktiv kvalitativ innehållsanalys genomfördes. Resultatet utmynnade i sju teman och visar att enhetscheferna upplevde att de inte har någon möjlighet att vara närvarande, att det är hög arbetsbelastning för både enhetschefer och medarbetare, att det upplevs saknas socialt stöd för enhetschefer och mellan enhetschef och medarbetare, att det brister i kommunikationen, delaktighet och rättvisa. Hälsan påstods vara bättre för enhetschefer än medarbetare men trivseln är bra i båda grupperna. Närvarande ledarskap ansågs i dagsläget svårt att utöva då det saknas både tid och stöd och det finns brister i den psykosociala arbetsmiljön som påverkar medarbetarnas hälsa negativt.

Abstract [en]

In the 1990s, major changes took place in elder care in municipal activities due to changes in the municipal law which led to reorganizations, downsizing and streamlining. This contributed to poor working environment especially in health care and musculoskeletal disorders and stress increased. The purpose of this study was to examine the unit managers’ opportunity to exercise present leadership and how the psychosocial work environment is perceived by unit managers and their employees. Moreover, how leadership is perceived by the employees and how psychosocial working environment and health is investigated. Two nursing homes in Umeå municipality were included in the study. In total, three focus group interviews were conducted, one with managers and two with employees, 12 participants in total. An abductive qualitative content analysis was performed. Seven themes were found in the material. These show that the unit managers perceive that they have no opportunity to be present, and that both managers and employees perceive a high workload, lack of social support for unit managers and between unit manager and employees, and lack of communication, participation and justice. Health was perceived to be better among unit managers than employees. However, job satisfaction was reported to be good in both groups. Present leadership is in the current situation difficult to exercise due to lack of both time and support and there are deficiencies in the psychosocial work environment affecting employee health negatively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
health promotion work, elderly care, leadership, assistant nurse, psychosocial work environment, abductive qualitative content analysis.
Keyword [sv]
hälsofrämjande arbetsplats, äldreomsorg, ledarskap, undersköterska, psykosocial arbetsmiljö, abduktiv kvalitativ innehållsanalys
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118940OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-118940DiVA: diva2:918053
External cooperation
Umeå kommun
Educational program
Master's Programme in Occupational Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
Hälsofrämjande arbetsplats
Available from: 2016-04-12 Created: 2016-04-06 Last updated: 2016-04-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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