Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Family-friendly policies and women's wages – is there a trade-off? Skill investments, occupational segregation and the gender pay gap in Germany, Sweden and the UK
Umeå University.
Stockholms universitet.
(English)Article, review/survey (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Recent research has suggested that there is a trade-off between the ‘familyfriendliness’ of jobs, occupations and welfare states on the one hand and women’s relative wages on the other. In particular, the extensive family policies found in Scandinavia are thought to harm highly educated women by affecting occupational segregation and workplace skill development. In thisarticle, we use pooled wage data from the European Social Survey of 2004 and 2010 to examine the mechanisms behind the gender wage gap in Germany, Sweden and the UK and compare the situation of high- and lowskilled employees. Our findings show that the gender wage gap among highskilled employees in Sweden is larger than in the UK, but not larger than in Germany. Also, segregation and work-related training are no more important in Sweden than in the other countries. Another important finding is that the mechanisms behind the gender wage gap differ between high- and lowskilled employees in ways not predicted by the trade-off argument. In particular, the large unexplained wage gap among high-skilled employees provides new theoretical challenges.

Keyword [en]
Gender pay gap; education; family policy; segregation; on-the-job training
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119201DOI: 10.1080/14616696.2015.1124904OAI: diva2:919253
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2016-04-13 Created: 2016-04-13 Last updated: 2016-04-13

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Grönlund, Anne, Anne
By organisation
Umeå University
Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 1 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link