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Temperature Dependence of Sensors Based on Silver-Decorated Nitrogen-Doped Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Advanced Materials Department, IPICYT, Mexico.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Sensors, ISSN 1687-725X, E-ISSN 1687-7268, 4319498Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Vapor sensors are easily fabricated onto alumina substrates using foils of silver-decorated nitrogen-doped multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNX-MWNTs-Ag) as active sensing material. The vapor sensors are tested using carbon disulfide, acetone, ethanol, and chloroform vapors. The CNX-MWNTs are produced by chemical vapor deposition process and then decorated with 14 nm Ag nanoparticles (Ag-NPs). The samples are characterized using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Our results demonstrate that Ag-decorated CNX-MWNTs exhibit a better response and sensitivity when compared with pristine CNX-MWNTs based sensors, making them promising candidates for air-pollutants environmental monitoring. The temperature effect on the sensor performance is also studied; we found that the detection mechanism could be tuned from physisorption, at room temperature, to chemisorption at higher working temperature. Finally, first-principles density functional calculations are carried out to understand the interactions between the systems involved in the sensors, finding good agreement between experimental results and the theoretical approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. 4319498
National Category
Nano Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119310DOI: 10.1155/2016/4319498ISI: 000372657600001OAI: diva2:920205
Available from: 2016-04-17 Created: 2016-04-15 Last updated: 2016-04-17Bibliographically approved

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Gracia-Espino, Eduardo
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