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In quest for the optimal delignification of lignocellulosic biomass using hydrated, SO2 switched DBU MEASIL switchable ionic liquid
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Process Chemistry Centre, Åbo Akademi University, Åbo-Turku FI-20500, Finland.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
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2016 (English)In: Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN 1385-8947, E-ISSN 1873-3212, Vol. 297, 256-264 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

In this paper, various process parameters aiming at optimal short-time-high-temperature (STHT) process were studied upon fractionation of Nordic woody biomass into its primary constituents. Highly diluted, aqueous 'SO2-switched' switchable ionic liquid (SIL) based on an alkanol amine (monoethanol amine, MEA) and an organic superbase (1,8-diazabicyclo-[5.4.0]-undec-7-ene, DBU) was applied. The ultimate goal was to develop a more sustainable, environmentally friendly and cost efficient systems for efficient separation of the lignocellulosic fractions. One of the main products from the SIL fractionation is cellulose-rich pulp with very low lignin content, complemented with hemicelluloses. The NMR results reveal that substantial removal of lignin occurs even when relatively low amount of SIL was used. Further, a simple mathematical model describing the dissolution of the lignocellulose components (hemicellulose and lignin) and weight loss of wood as a function of time is described. Moreover, the most efficient process involved the use of SpinChem (R) rotating bed reactor while upon use of a flow through (loop) reactor, promising results were obtained at a treatment time of 4 h. Still, all the reactor systems studied gave rise to a rather low removal of hemicelluloses which mean that the solvent system is primary selective towards lignin dissolution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 297, 256-264 p.
Keyword [en]
Optimal delignification, SpinChem®, Short-time-high-temperature (STHT), Switchable ionic liquid, Loop reactor
National Category
Chemical Sciences Chemical Process Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119505DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2016.03.103ISI: 000376708900024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-119505DiVA: diva2:921735
Available from: 2016-04-21 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2016-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Anugwom, IkennaHedenström, MattiasMikkola, Jyri-Pekka
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