Accurate and robust measurement of the external convective heat transfer coefficient based on error analysis
2016 (English)In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 117, 83-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Accurate measurement of the convective heat transfer coefficient hc at external surfaces, e.g. at building facades and roofs, is of fundamental importance for heat transfer studies of the built environment. There are two basic methods for measurement of hc, the Loveday and Ito methods, which use one and two heated sensor units, respectively. To guide in selection of method and operating conditions, and in design of the sensor, we performed an error analysis. This included estimation of systematic errors, comparison between methods, and to established Nusselt number correlations, sensitivity analysis, and an evaluation of the measurement uncertainty. The main conclusion was that both methods, at forced convection, yielded measurement uncertainties at the 4 % level, provided that the Ito method was operated under the new condition, where one of its sensors remained unheated. However, at natural convection conditions, the Ito method cannot be operated with one of its sensors unheated, since hc is then zero at that sensor surface, which violates the method assumption that hc is the same at both sensors. Sensitivity analysis showed that systematic errors will be reduced by decreasing the sensor surface emissivity. The major source of measurement uncertainty was the conductive heat flux estimate.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 117, 83-90 p.
Convective heat transfer coefficient, Energy balance method, Sensitivity analysis, Measurement uncertainty, Uncertainty analysis
Other Physics Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119818DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.01.040ISI: 000373751300009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-119818DiVA: diva2:924366
FunderSwedish Energy Agency, 39699-1The Kempe Foundations