Swedish women’s food habits during pregnancy up to six monthspost-partum: A longitudinal study
2016 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Objectives: Diet influences the health of the foetus and the woman during pregnancy and later in life. Itis therefore important to investigate pregnant women’s food habits. The aim of this study was to describewomen’s food habits during pregnancy and up to six months post-partum.Study design: A Food Frequency Questionnaire (VIP-FFQ) was distributed to 163 pregnant women on fiveoccasions during and after pregnancy. Data were analysed using Friedman’s ANOVA and a Bonferronipost-hoc test.Main outcome measures: Food habits in relation to the National Food Agency’s (NFA) food index.Results: The pregnant women’s diets were inadequate according to the NFA food index. A tendency towardsan even poorer diet after delivery was identified, something which was related to an increased intakeof discretionary food, e.g. sweets, cakes, cookies, crisps, ice cream, and decreased intake of fruit and vegetable.The alcohol consumption was low throughout.Conclusions: The food habits during pregnancy were inadequate compared to recommendations and thesehabits became unhealthier after delivery. These suggest that dietary counselling needs to be more effectiveand continued into the lactating period. An increased focus should be given to healthy eating fromthe life course perspective, not just focus on effects on the foetus and pregnancy outcomes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pregnancy, Food habit, Longitudinal study, Questionnaire, Counselling
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119820DOI: 10.1016/j.srhc.2016.01.006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-119820DiVA: diva2:924409