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Work overload, burnout, and psychological ill-health symptoms: a three-wave mediation model of the employee health impairment process
WorkWell Research Unit, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Hoffman Street, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa.
WorkWell Research Unit, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Hoffman Street, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa.
WorkWell Research Unit, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Hoffman Street, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa.
2016 (English)In: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, ISSN 1061-5806, E-ISSN 1477-2205, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 387-399Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and Objectives: The study reported here investigated the causal relationships in the health impairment process of employee well-being, and the mediating role of burnout in the relationship between work overload and psychological ill-health symptoms, over time. The research is deemed important due to the need for longitudinal evidence of the health impairment process of employee well-being over three waves of data. Design: A quantitative survey design was followed. Participants constituted a longitudinal sample of 370 participants, at three time points, after attrition. Methods: Descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling methods were implemented. Results: Work overload at time one predicted burnout at time two, and burnout at time two predicted psychological ill-health symptoms at time three. Indirect effects were found between work overload time one and psychological ill-health symptoms time three via burnout time two, and also between burnout time one and psychological ill-health symptoms time three, via burnout time two. Conclusions: The results provided supportive evidence for an “indirect-only” mediation effect, for burnout's causal mediation mechanism in the health impairment process between work overload and psychological ill-health symptoms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Taylor & Francis, 2016. Vol. 29, no 4, p. 387-399
Keywords [en]
Longitudinal mediation, indirect effect, burnout, health impairment process, job demands
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120065DOI: 10.1080/10615806.2015.1061123ISI: 000374959800004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-120065DiVA, id: diva2:926527
Available from: 2016-05-09 Created: 2016-05-09 Last updated: 2019-04-29Bibliographically approved

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Pienaar, Jaco

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