Motivational variations when implementing a student-teacher-scientist partnership in the science classroom
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Authentic projects, where students meet, visit or work as scientists, are getting more common in schools. Little is known about the implementation of such projects and what effect the implementation has on students’ experiences and outcomes. This paper presents a study of twelve students in three classes that participate in same student-teacher-scientist partnership (STSP) in their Swedish secondary-science classrooms. The study includes three levels: the resources the teachers have, the opportunities for motivation through competence, autonomy and relatedness students are given, and students’ initiatives, group work and outcomes. The purpose of this study is to explore the process with which an authentic project is implemented in the science classroom and how the implementation can contribute to student motivation. The results show that all teachers spend the main part of lesson time with student-centred activities and that they all give opportunities for feelings of competence, autonomy and relatedness, but that they do it to different extent. Most students take initiatives towards science and/or procedure, have good dynamics of group work and have good outcomes. No clear patterns between students’ contextual motivation and their initiatives, group work or outcomes were seen, however, students in classrooms with high support were more able to overcome issues and succeed with the task. It can be concluded that the implementation is a key step when introducing authentic science in school and that it is both possible and advisable to design authentic science activities that can be part of the curriculum and reach a broad group of students. However, a good balance between novelty in topic and methods -through for example autonomy- and support, -through for example clear instructions and procedural support- should be a key component in the implementation, especially to support less self-regulated students. Implications for STSPs and similar authentic projects, as well as for other classroom situations, are discussed.
authentic science, secondary school, motivation, self-determination theory, student-teacher-scientist partnership
Research subject educational work
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120041OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-120041DiVA: diva2:926627
ProjectsLärandesituationens påverkan på elevers affektiva upplevelser och lärande
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2007-3216