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Reduced crystallinity and enhanced charge transport by melt annealing of an organic semiconductor on single layer graphene
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, ISSN 2050-7526, Vol. 4, no 19, 4143-4149 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report on the effect of the annealing temperature on the crystallization and the electrical properties of the semiconducting polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) on single layer graphene. Electrical characterization showed that heating the P3HT film above the melting point (Tm) resulted in a higher vertical charge carrier mobility. Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) revealed that the film was actually less crystalline overall, but that it consisted of a much higher number of face-on crystallites. We moreover show that annealing above Tm removes the existing seeds still present in the film at lower temperatures and enhances face-on formation. These results provide a better understanding of the influence of the annealing temperature on polythiophene crystallization on graphene, and it shows that the annealing at higher temperature induces a more favorable crystalline orientation which enhances charge transport, despite the reduction in the overall crystallinity. These results should help in the design of more efficient graphene based organic electronic devices by controlling the crystalline morphology of the semiconducting film.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 4, no 19, 4143-4149 p.
National Category
Materials Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120203DOI: 10.1039/C6TC00625FISI: 000376041700006OAI: diva2:927138
Available from: 2016-05-11 Created: 2016-05-11 Last updated: 2016-07-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Carbon nanotubes and graphene polymer composites for opto-electronic applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Carbon nanotubes and graphene polymer composites for opto-electronic applications
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Carbon nanotubes are carbon based structures with outstanding electronical and mechanical properties. They are used in a wide range of applications, usually embedded in polymer in the form of composites, in order to affect the electronic behavior of the matrix material. However, as the nanotubes properties are directly dependent on their intrinsic structure, it is necessary to select specific nanotubes depending on the application, which can be a complicated and inefficient process. This makes it attractive to be able to reduce the amount of material used in the composites.

In this thesis, focus is placed on the electrical properties of the composites. A simple patterning method is presented which allows the use of extremely low amounts of nanotubes in order to increase the electrical conductivity of diverse polymers such as polystyrene (PS) or poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). This method is called nanoimprint lithography and uses a flexible mold in order to pattern composite films, leading to the creation of conducting nanotube networks, resulting in vertically conducting samples (from the bottom of the film to the top of the imprinted patterns).

In parallel, X-ray diffraction measurements have been conducted on thin P3HT polymer films. These were prepared on either silicon substrate or on graphene, and the influence of the processing conditions as well as of the substrate on the crystallinity of the polymer have been investigated. The knowledge of the crystalline structure of P3HT is of great importance as it influences its electronic properties. Establishing a link between the processing conditions and the resulting crystallinity is therefore vital in order to be able to make opto-electronic devices such as transistor or photovoltaic cells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2016. 57 p.
carbon nanotubes, polythiophene, electrical conductivity, crystallography, graphene, nanoimprint lithography, synchrotron diffraction
National Category
Nano Technology
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119779 (URN)978-91-7601-478-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-06-01, KB3B1, KBC, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2016-05-11 Created: 2016-04-27 Last updated: 2016-05-26Bibliographically approved

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Skrypnychuk, VasylBoulanger, NicolasBarbero, David R.
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