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Outcomes of comprehensive lifestyle modification in inpatient setting
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
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2006 (English)In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 62, no 1, 95-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Objective: To examine the effectiveness of a 4-week inpatient non-pharmacological risk factor modification programme for individuals with the metabolic syndrome. The aim of the program was to reduce patients' over risks for stroke and myocardial infarction.

Methods: A prospective clinical study including 2468 patients - 1096 men and 1372 women - with and average age of 50 +/- 10 years. The patients were referred to the programme from primary care units and hospitals where treatment options were exhausted.

Results: All risk factor levels for stroke and myocardial infarction decreased. The reduction of weight among men was 4.7 +/- 2.6 kg and 3.8 +/- 1.8 kg among women from an initial weight of 96 17 kg and 85 +/- 16 kg. respectively. The patients systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased by 15/10 mm Hg for men and 14/9 min Hg among women from initial average for the whole population of 148/90 +/- 19/11 mm Hg and 146/87 +/- 19/12 min Hg, respectively. The greatest decrease in weight and blood pressure occurred in men and women with an initial body mass index of >= 30 and with a diastolic blood pressure of >= 90; in this group, the average reductions in weight were 5.8 +/- 2.4 kg for men and 4.4 +/- 1.7 kg for women; the reductions in systolisk/diastolisk blood pressure were 22/15 +/- 16/9 mm Hg (p < 0.001) for both men and women. A reduction of medication (DDD) although not a goal was also achieved.

Conclusion: The results prove the value of a comprehensive and highly structured inpatient approach to lifestyle modification. Practice implications: The results should give cause to trials with half-way strategies integrating features from the inpatient programme into the design of risk factor interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Clare: Elsevier, 2006. Vol. 62, no 1, 95-103 p.
Keyword [en]
health education, prevention, obesity, hypertension, nutrition
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119390DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2005.06.012ISI: 000238917600014PubMedID: 16139982OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-119390DiVA: diva2:927198
Available from: 2016-05-11 Created: 2016-04-18 Last updated: 2016-05-11Bibliographically approved

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Kaati, GunnarBygren, Lars-OlovVester, MonicaKarlsson, AnnBrith
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Department of Public Health and Clinical MedicineDepartment of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation
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