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Who Benefits-Or Does not-From South Africa's Old Age Pension?: evidence from Characteristics of Rural Pensioners and Non-Pensioners
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2016 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 13, no 1, UNSP 85Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Social protection grants play a critical role in survival and livelihoods of elderly individuals in South Africa. Rarely is it possible to assess how well a social program reaches its target population. Using a 2010 survey and Agincourt Health Demographic Surveillance System census data we conduct multivariate logistic regression to predict pension receipt in rural South Africa. We find only 80% of age-eligible individuals report pension receipt. Pension non-recipients tend to be male, have poor socio-economic status, live in smaller households, be of Mozambican origin, and have poorer physical function; while older persons living in households receiving other grants are more likely to report pension receipt. We conclude that a reservoir of older persons exists who meet eligibility criteria but who are not yet receiving pensions. Ensuring that they and their households are properly linked to all available social services-whether for child or old-age social grants-is likely to have beneficial and synergistic effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 13, no 1, UNSP 85
Keyword [en]
Africa, South Africa, pension, socio-economic status, self-reported disability, ageing
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120373DOI: 10.3390/ijerph13010085ISI: 000374186100027PubMedID: 26712777OAI: diva2:928650
Available from: 2016-05-16 Created: 2016-05-16 Last updated: 2016-05-16Bibliographically approved

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Tollman, Stephen
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