Who Benefits-Or Does not-From South Africa's Old Age Pension?: evidence from Characteristics of Rural Pensioners and Non-Pensioners
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 13, no 1, UNSP 85Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Social protection grants play a critical role in survival and livelihoods of elderly individuals in South Africa. Rarely is it possible to assess how well a social program reaches its target population. Using a 2010 survey and Agincourt Health Demographic Surveillance System census data we conduct multivariate logistic regression to predict pension receipt in rural South Africa. We find only 80% of age-eligible individuals report pension receipt. Pension non-recipients tend to be male, have poor socio-economic status, live in smaller households, be of Mozambican origin, and have poorer physical function; while older persons living in households receiving other grants are more likely to report pension receipt. We conclude that a reservoir of older persons exists who meet eligibility criteria but who are not yet receiving pensions. Ensuring that they and their households are properly linked to all available social services-whether for child or old-age social grants-is likely to have beneficial and synergistic effects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 13, no 1, UNSP 85
Africa, South Africa, pension, socio-economic status, self-reported disability, ageing
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120373DOI: 10.3390/ijerph13010085ISI: 000374186100027PubMedID: 26712777OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-120373DiVA: diva2:928650