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Is hypertension in adult age related to unemployment at a young age?: Results from the Northern Swedish Cohort
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Socialmedicin.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Socialmedicin.
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 43, no 1, 52-58 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between early unemployment (ages 16-21 years) and adult hypertension after controlling for earlier hypertension, unemployment in adult life, risk factors for hypertension and confounders. Methods: A cohort of 927 (86.6% of the original cohort) 9th grade school-leavers was followed from 1981 until 2008. Data were collected through questionnaires, health examinations, and national registers. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used as primary statistical methods. Results: At ages 21 and 43, hypertension was significantly more prevalent among men than women (p < .001). Unemployment between the ages of 16 and 21 was related to hypertension at age 43 among women but not men. The odds ratio (OR) was persistently high (OR 3.16 [95% confidence interval 1.45-6.89]) after controlling for late unemployment, hypertension at age 16, risk factors for hypertension and confounders. There was no significant relationship between exposure to early unemployment and hypertension at age 21 for women or men. Conclusions: From a public health perspective, youth unemployment is a societal problem in need of more attention and intervention in order to prevent long-term adverse health outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 43, no 1, 52-58 p.
Keyword [en]
Unemployment, blood pressure, adolescence, hypertension, cohort studies
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120322DOI: 10.1177/1403494814560845ISI: 000347444800008PubMedID: 25431459OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-120322DiVA: diva2:928740
Available from: 2016-05-16 Created: 2016-05-16 Last updated: 2016-05-16Bibliographically approved

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Nygren, KarinaHammarström, Anne
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