Forest owner motivations and attitudes towards supplying biomass for energy in Europe
2014 (English)In: Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, E-ISSN 1873-2909, Vol. 67, 223-230 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The European Commission expects the use of biomass for energy in the EU to increasesignificantly between 2010 and 2020 to meet a legally binding target to cover at least 20%of EU’s total energy use from renewable sources in 2020. According to estimates made bythe member states of the EU, the direct supply of biomass from forests is expected toincrease by 45% on a volume basis between 2006 and 2020 in response to increasingdemand (Beurskens LWM, Hekkenberg M, Vethman P. Renewable energy projections aspublished in the national renewable energy action plans of the European Member states.ECN and EEA; 2011. http://https://www.ecn.nl/docs/library/report/2010/e10069.pdf[accessed 25.04.2014]; Dees M, Yousef A, Ermert J. Analysis of the quantitative tables ofthe national renewable energy action plans prepared by the 27 European Union MemberStates in 2010. BEE working paper D7.2. Biomass Energy Europe project. FELIS e Departmentof Remote Sensing and landscape information Systems, University of Freiburg,Germany; 2011). Our aims were to test the hypotheses that European private forestowners’ attitudes towards supplying woody biomass for energy (1) can be explained bytheir responses to changes in prices and markets and (2) are positive so that the forestbiomass share of the EU 2020 renewable energy target can be met. Based on survey datacollected in 2010 from 800 private forest owners in Sweden, Germany and Portugal ourresults show that the respondents’ attitudes towards supplying woody biomass for energycannot be explained as direct responses to changes in prices and markets. Our results,furthermore, imply that European private forest owners cannot be expected tosupply the requested amounts of woody biomass for energy to meet the forest biomassshare of the EU 2020 renewable energy target, at least if stemwood is to play theimportant role as studies by Verkerk PJ, Anttila P, Eggers J, Lindner M, Asikainen A. Therealisable potential supply of woody biomass fromforests in the European Union. For EcolManag 2011;261: 2007e2015, UNECE and FAO. The European forest sector outlook study II 2010e2030. United Nations, New York and Geneva; 2011 [abbreviated to EFSOS II] andElbersen B, Staritsky I, Hengeveld G, Schelhaas MJ, Naeff H, Bo¨ ttcher H. Atlas of EUbiomass potentials; 2012. Available from: http://www.biomassfutures.eu [accessed14.10.2013] suggest.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 67, 223-230 p.
Land-use change, Forest management, Bioenergy, Biomass, Stemwood, Private forest owner
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-121302DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.05.002ISI: 000340339700024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-121302DiVA: diva2:931909