umu.sePublications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Poor housing conditions in association with child health in a disadvantaged immigrant population: a cross-sectional study in Rosengård, Malmö, Sweden
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 6, no 1, e007979Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To describe the home environment in terms of housing conditions and their association with child health in a disadvantaged immigrant population.

DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study.

SETTING: Enrolment took place during 2010-2011 in Rosengård, Malmö, Sweden.

PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 0-13 years in 2 study neighbourhoods were recruited from local health records and from schools. 359 children participated, with a participation rate of 40%. Data on health, lifestyle and apartment characteristics from questionnaire-led interviews with the mothers of the children were obtained together with data from home inspections carried out by trained health communicators.

OUTCOME MEASURES: Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate ORs for various health outcomes, adjusted for demographic information and lifestyle factors.

RESULTS: The housing conditions were very poor, especially in one of the study neighbourhoods where 67% of the apartments had been sanitised of cockroaches, 27% were infested with cockroaches and 40% had a visible mould. The association between housing conditions and health was mostly inconclusive, but there were statistically significant associations between current asthma and dampness (OR=4.1, 95% CI 1.7 to 9.9), between asthma medication and dampness (OR=2.8, 95% CI 1.2 to 6.4), and between mould and headache (OR=4.2, 95% CI 1.2 to 14.8). The presence of cockroaches was associated with emergency care visits, with colds, with headache and with difficulty falling asleep, and worse general health was associated with mould and presence of cockroaches.

CONCLUSIONS: The associations between dampness and asthma, and the association between mould and headache, are in line with current knowledge. The presence of cockroaches seemed to be associated with various outcomes, including those related to mental well-being, which is less described in the literature. The results of the present study are hypothesis generating and provide strong incentives for future studies in this study population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 6, no 1, e007979
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-121528DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007979ISI: 000369993900012PubMedID: 26739718OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-121528DiVA: diva2:933081
Available from: 2016-06-03 Created: 2016-06-03 Last updated: 2016-09-13

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Oudin, Anna
In the same journal
BMJ Open
Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 34 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link