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Associations between gestational age, physical activity and cognitive functioning among children in early school age
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine differences and associations concerning physical activity and cognitive functioning among children born preterm in comparison to those born full term. The sample consisted of 130 children at early school age (mean = 7.8 years), born at a gestational age (GA) of 23 - 42 weeks, and categorized into three groups; children born full term (GA 39 - 42), moderately preterm (GA 34 – 36) and very preterm (GA 23 - 33). Physical activities were perceived from parents’ ratings by use of the Child behaviour checklist (CBCL), and cognitive functioning by WISC-IV. Results showed that children born moderately preterm performed comparable to children born full term, both regarding physical activity ratings and cognitive performance. Children born very preterm were found to have significantly poorer full scale IQ, lower physical performance, fewer sport activities, and were less lateralized, in comparison to both children born full term and those born moderately preterm. Conclusion: a very preterm birth seems to generate long-term effects on physical activities, sport performance and cognitive functioning. Thus, more focus should be paid to children born at a very low GA to identify early deviations and to provide interventions to improve cognitive functioning and enhance physical performance; also in contexts other than sport activities. 

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka skillnader och samband mellan fysisk aktivitet och kognitivt fungerande inom gruppen för tidigt födda barn och i jämförelse med fullgångna barn. Urvalet bestod av 130 barn i tidig skolålder (medel = 7.8 år), födda i gestationsålder (GA) mellan 23 – 42 veckor kategoriserade i tre grupper; fullgångna barn (GA 39 – 42), moderat förtidigt födda (GA 34 – 36) och mycket förtidigt födda (GA 23 – 33). Fysisk aktivitet undersöktes utifrån föräldrars skattning genom användande av Child behaviour checklist (CBCL) och kognitivt fungerande utifrån WISC-IV. Resultaten visade att de moderat för tidigt födda barnen presterade jämförbart med de fullgångna barnen både vad beträffar fysisk aktivitet och kognitivt fungerande. De mycket för tidigt födda barnen visade sig ha signifikant sämre fullskale-IQ, lägre sportsliga prestationer, färre antal sporter och var mindre lateraliserade, jämfört med både de fullgångna barnen och de moderat förtidigt födda. Slutsats: en mycket förtidig födsel tycks generera långvariga effekter på fysiska aktiviteter, sportsliga prestationer och kognitivt fungerande. Således bör större fokus läggas på barn födda med en mycket låg GA för att identifiera tidiga avvikelser och tillhandahålla interventioner för att förbättra kognitivt fungerande och stimulera/förhöja fysiska prestationer; även i andra kontexter än sportsliga aktiviteter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 14 p.
Keyword [en]
Gestational age, Preterm, Sport, Cognitive functioning, Laterality, Physical activity, School age
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-121874OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-121874DiVA: diva2:934939
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi; Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology; Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-13 Created: 2016-06-09 Last updated: 2016-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Associations between gestational age, physical activity and cognitive functioning among children in early school age(1464 kB)67 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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