A possible contributor to the higher degree of girls reporting psychological symptoms compared with boys in grade nine?
2005 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 15, no 4, 380-385 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Background: It is a recurrent finding that adolescent girls report psychological symptoms in a higher degree compared with boys. The explanations for this difference vary, but the psychosocial school environment has never been a focus in these explanations. The aim of this study was to analyse whether psychosocial factors at school were associated with a high degree of psychological symptoms among boys and girls in grade nine, with a special focus on sexual harassment.
Methods: The study was based on a cross-sectional study including 336 pupils (175 girls and 161 boys) in grade nine (about 15 years old), who answered an extensive questionnaire. The non-response rate was negligible (< 1%). Logistic regression analysis was used to analyse whether school-related factors (teacher support, classmate support, sexual harassment), body image, and parental support were associated with a high degree of psychological symptoms.
Results: Sexual harassment at school was associated with a high degree of psychological symptoms among girls.
Conclusions: Sexual harassment must be acknowledged as a negative psychosocial school environmental factor of importance for the high degree of psychological ill-health symptoms among girls compared with boys.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Vol. 15, no 4, 380-385 p.
adolescents, psychological symptoms, psychosocial factors, school, sexual harassment
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120408DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/cki097ISI: 000231922000010PubMedID: 15975950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-120408DiVA: diva2:935287