Utilizing an efficient color-conversion layer for realization of a white light-emitting electrochemical cell
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Organic semiconducting materials have received a lot of attention in recent years and can now be found in many applications. One of the applications, the light emitting electrochemical cell (LEC) has emerged due to its flat and lightweight device structure, low operating voltage, and possibility to be fully solution processed. Today LECs can emit light of various colors, but to be applicable in the lighting industry, white light need to be produced in an efficient way. White light on the other hand, is one of the toughest "colors" to achieve in an efficient way, and is of particular interest in general lighting applications, where high color-rendering index devices are necessary. In this thesis I show that blue light can be partially converted, into white light, by utilizing the photoluminescence of color conversion layers (CCLs). Furthermore, I show that a high color-quality white light can be attained by adopting a blue-emitting LEC with a CCL. Particularly, three different color-conversion materials were embedded onto a blue bottom-emitting LEC, to study the resulting spectrum. One of the materials, MEH-PPV, have good absorption compatibility with the electroluminescence of the blue emitters, but the materials photoluminescence do not cover the red to deep-red range of the spectrum. These parts of the spectrum are necessary to obtain high color rendering indices (≥80). A single layer of MEH-PPV adapted onto a blue-emitting LEC, led to a cold white LEC with CIE-coordinates x = 0.29, and y = 0.36, color-rendering index = 71, and correlated color temperature = 7200 K. These properties makes it potentially useful in outdoor-lighting applications. The photoluminescence of another studied color-converting material, polymer red, covers the red to deep-red range of the spectrum but the material lacks absorption in the green parts of the blue emitters electroluminescence spectrum. Thus it is necessary to combine it with MEH-PPV to be able to absorb all wavelengths from the blue-emitter and get a broad light-spectrum out of the device. In order to preserve a part of the blue light, a new device configuration was designed. It features a top-emitting blue LEC with a dual-layer CCL which reach an impressive color rendering index = 89 at a correlated color temperature = 6400 K (CIE-coordinates x = 0.31, y = 0.33). The color-rendering index is the highest reported for a white LEC. The absence of UV-, and IR-radiation, together with the high color rendering properties make the white LEC a possible candidate for even the most demanding lighting-applications, such as art galleries, and shop display windows, together with indoor lighting. In this thesis, I show that the CCLs function well. However, for the LECs to be worthy competitors, the efficiency and lifetime of the blue emitter need improvements.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 37 p.
Color-conversion layer, Light-emitting electrochemical cell, LEC, LECs, White light-emitting electrochemical cell, White light, R9, color-rendering index, CRI, High-color-rendering, color-conversion, top-emitting
Färgkonverteringslager, ljusemitterande electrokemisk cell, LEC, LECar, Vit ljusemitterande electrokemisk cell, vitt ljus, R9, färgåtergivningstal, CRI, färgkonvertering, topp-emitterande
Other Physics Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122097OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-122097DiVA: diva2:937300
Subject / course
Examensarbete i teknisk fysik
Master of Science Programme in Engineering Physics
2016-06-10, Universitetsklubben, Universum, Universums gränd, 90736, Umeå, 08:00 (English)
Lindh, Mattias, LicenciatLundberg, Petter, Doktorand
Edman, Ludvig, Professor