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Après Paris: Breakthrough innovation as the primary moral obligation of rich countries
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1291-5254
2016 (English)In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 63, 170-176 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While the notion of differentiated responsibility has always included an element of technological transfer, the growing disparity between the deployment of non-scalable renewable energy sources in the rich countries and the massive expansion of fossil infrastructure elsewhere has brought new urgency to issues of climate leadership. Breakthrough innovation into technologies capable of providing an abundance of clean energy now appears necessary not only to broaden energy access but also to ensure that fossil fuels are quickly displaced globally (including in those countries that have failed to take climate change seriously). Moreover, it is reasonable to expect that a climatechanged world in itself will demand abundant energy to facilitate everything from carbon dioxide removal to mass desalination for agriculture and other adaptation measures. Considering the moral and political impossibility of treating sustained poverty as the “solution” to the climate crisis, this paper suggests that rich countries have a moral obligation to invest in breakthrough innovation into technologies that are compatible with a future global economic convergence around OECD-levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 63, 170-176 p.
Keyword [en]
climate policy, Renewable energy; Nuclear energy; Innovation
National Category
Globalization Studies
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122213DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2016.05.023ISI: 000379635300018OAI: diva2:937636
Available from: 2016-06-15 Created: 2016-06-15 Last updated: 2016-09-07Bibliographically approved

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Karlsson, Rasmus
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