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Off-road vehicle fatalities: a comparison of all-terrain vehicle and snowmobile accidents in Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine. (Arcum)
2013 (English)In: International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences (IATSS) Research, ISSN 0386-1112, Vol. 37, p. 12-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates accident fatalities involving two types of off-road vehicles: snowmobiles and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs). All snowmobile fatalities in Sweden from the 2006/2007 season through the 2011/2012 season, and all ATV fatalities from 2007 through 2012, were retrospectively examined. A total of 107 fatalities—57 snowmobile-related and 50 ATV-related—were found. Most deaths occurred on weekends (71% of the snowmobile-related and 72% of the ATV-related). A majority of the fatalities were males (91% and 94%), with the largest share in the age group 40–49 years (19% and 24%). The most common causes of death were blunt trauma (56% and 66%), drowning (30% vs 6%), and traumatic asphyxia (9% vs 14%). Among victims who were tested (95% vs 92%), a very high share was found to be inebriated (59% vs 61%), and mean blood alcohol concentration was also high (1.9 vs 1.7 g/l). Forty-seven percent of snowmobile-related fatalities and 48% of ATV-related fatalities had a blood alcohol concentration above 1.0 g/l. This means that there was a very strong association between off-road vehicle fatalities and drunken riding; steps to prevent riding while intoxicated seem to be the most important preventive measure. Automatic measures such as alcolocks are probably the most effective. The obvious at-risk group to target is middle-aged men with high alcohol consumption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 37, p. 12-15
Keywords [en]
all-terrain vehicles, ATVs, snowmobiles, fatal crashes, fatalities, off-road vehicles
National Category
Forensic Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122245DOI: 10.1016/j.iatssr.2013.06.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-122245DiVA, id: diva2:937866
Available from: 2016-06-16 Created: 2016-06-16 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, TorfinnEriksson, Anders

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Citation style
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