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Effect of gas compression on flame acceleration in obstructed cylindrical tubes
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, United States .
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
2016 (English)In: 2016 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2016, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute , 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The role of gas compression on the process of extremely fast flame acceleration in obstructed cylindrical tubes is studied analytically and validated by computational simulations. The acceleration leading to a deflagration-to-detonation transition is associated with a powerful jet-flow produced by delayed combustion in spaces between the obstacles. This acceleration mechanism is Reynolds-independent and conceptually laminar, with turbulence playing only a supplementary role. In this particular work, the incompressible formulation [Combust. Flame 157 (2010) 1012], Ref. 15 is extended to account for small but finite initial Mach number up to the first-order terms. While flames accelerate exponentially during the initial stage of propagation, when the compressibility is negligible, with continuous increase in the flame velocity with respect to the tube wall, the flame-generated compression waves subsequently moderate the acceleration process by affecting the flame shape and velocity, as well as the flow driven by the flame. It is demonstrated that the moderation effect is substantial, and as soon as gas compression is relatively small, the present theory is in good quantitative agreement with the computational simulations. The limitations of the incompressible theory are thereby underlined, and a critical blockage ratio for with this acceleration mechanism can be evaluated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute , 2016.
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122452OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-122452DiVA: diva2:938994
Conference
2016 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2016; Princeton University; Princeton; United States; 13 March 2016 through 16 March 2016
Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2016-06-17

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  • apa
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