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The Characteristics of High-Risk Groups for Depression in Late Life: Using a Person-Oriented Approach to Investigate the Role of Functional Performance and Physical Activity
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

One of the major issues following the rapidly growing proportion of elderly in the population is the high rates of depressive symptoms found in the elderly, and the socioeconomic and individual consequences it brings. As a part of the ongoing research project “Healthy Ageing Initiative”, the present study uses cluster analysis to group participants with regard to their functional performance level, in order to identify high risk groups for depression in a sample of 2,167 70-year olds living in Northern Sweden. The results show that individuals in the high-risk group are characterized by not fulfilling the WHO recommendations for physical activity (PA), as well as, overweight, type 2 diabetes and poor functional performance. The results emphasize the importance of maintaining a certain level of physical functionality, and the important role PA may play in preventing depression in late life.

Abstract [sv]

Ett av de stora problemen som följer med den snabbt ökande andelen äldre i populationen är den stora förekomsten av depressiva symtom hos äldre, samt dess konsekvenser för samhället och individen. Som en del i det pågående forskningsprojektet “Healthy Ageing Initiative” använder denna studie klusteranalys för att gruppera individer utifrån deras fysiska funktionsnivå, med syfte att identifiera riskgrupper för depression i ett urval på 2,167 70-åringar bosatta i norra Sverige.  Resultatet visar att personer i riskgruppen karaktäriseras av att inte uppfylla WHOs rekommendationer för fysisk aktivitet, så väl som, för övervikt, typ 2 diabetes och låg fysisk funktionsnivå. Resultaten betonar vikten av att bibehålla en viss fysisk funktionsnivå, samt den roll fysisk aktivitet kan ha i förebyggandet av depression hos äldre. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 26 p.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122633OAI: diva2:940017
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Available from: 2016-06-20 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2016-06-20Bibliographically approved

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Holmquist, SofieMattsson, Sabina
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