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High load lifting exercise and low load motor control exercises as interventions for patients with mechanical low back pain: a randomized controlled trial with 24-month follow-up
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 48, no 5, 456-463 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a high load lifting exercise with low load motor control exercises on pain intensity, disability and health-related quality of life for patients with mechanical low back pain. Design: A randomized controlled trial. Subjects: Patients with mechanical low back pain as their dominating pain mechanism. Methods: The intervention programme consisted of a high load lifting exercise, while the control group received low load motor control exercises over 8 weeks (12 sessions) with pain education included in both intervention arms. The primary outcome was pain intensity and disability, and the secondary outcome was health-related quality of life. Results: Each intervention arm included 35 participants, analysed following 2-, 12- and 24-month follow-up. There was no significant difference between the high load lifting and low load motor control interventions for the primary or secondary outcome measures. Between 50% and 80% of participants reported a decrease in perceived pain intensity and disability for both short-and long-term follow-up. Conclusion: No difference was observed between the high low load lifting and low load motor control interventions. Both interventions included retraining of movement patterns and pain education, which might explain the positive results over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 48, no 5, 456-463 p.
Keyword [en]
mechanical low back pain, exercise therapy, pain intensity, disability, follow-up
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-121462DOI: 10.2340/16501977-2091ISI: 000375753300007PubMedID: 27097785OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-121462DiVA: diva2:941133
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-06-02 Last updated: 2016-06-22Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2016-12-22 00:00
Available from 2016-12-22 00:00

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