Circumpolar maternal blood contaminant survey, 1994-1997 organochlorine compounds
2004 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 330, no 1-3, 55-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
During the past 20 years a number of studies have found neurological and immunological effects in the developing fetus and infants exposed to background or only slightly elevated levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). To address concerns arising from possible increased human exposure in the Arctic and possible effects of POPs, all circumpolar countries agreed in 1994 to monitoring of specific human tissues for contaminants in the Arctic under the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP). Mothers in eight circumpolar countries contributed blood samples that were analysed at a single laboratory for 14 PCB congeners (IUPAC No. 28, 52, 99, 105, 118, 128, 138, 153, 156, 170, 180, 183, 187) and 13 organochlorine pesticides (aldrin, beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH), dichlordiphenyltrichloroethane (p,p'-DDT), diphenyldichloroethylene (p,p'DDE), dieldrin, heptachlorepoxide, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), mirex, and the chlordane derivatives alpha-chlordane, gamma-chlordane, cis-nonachlor, oxychlordane and trans-nonachlor). Inuit mothers from Greenland and Canada have significantly higher levels of oxychlordane, transnonachlor and mirex than mothers from Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Russia. Inuit mothers from Greenland also have significantly higher levels of these contaminants than Inuit mothers from Canada and Alaska. These differences among Inuit groups may represent regional dietary preferences or different contaminant deposition patterns across the Arctic. Levels of PCBs are also elevated among some arctic populations due to their consumption of marine mammals and are in the range where subtle effects on leaming and the immune system have been reported. The Russian mothers who consume mainly food imported from southern Russia have elevated levels of DDT, DDE, beta-HCH and a higher proportion of lower chlorinated PCB congeners. This study has allowed an assessment of the variation of contaminants such as PCBs and various organochlorine pesticides (DDT, chlordane, etc.) in human populations around the circumpolar north.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2004. Vol. 330, no 1-3, 55-70 p.
maternal blood, contaminants, human tissue monitoring, biomonitoring, PCB, congeners, PCBs 28, 52, 99, 105, 118 128, 138, 153, 170, 180, 187, PCBs as Aroclor 1260, organochlorine pesticides, Aldrin, beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH), dichlordiphenyltrichloroethane (p, p '-DDT), diphenyldichloroethylene (p, p '-DDE), dieldrin, heptachlorepoxide, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), mirex and the chlordane derivatives (alpha-chlordane, gamma-chlordane, cis-nonachlor, oxychlordane and trans-nonachlor), arctic monitoring and assessment program, traditional foods
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122158DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.02.028ISI: 000223572800006PubMedID: 15325158OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-122158DiVA: diva2:941406