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Increased hsCRP is associated with higher risk of aortic valve replacement in patients with aortic stenosis
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
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2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal, ISSN 1401-7431, E-ISSN 1651-2006, Vol. 50, no 3, 138-145 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Objective To investigate relations between inflammation and aortic valve stenosis (AS) by measuring high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, at baseline (hsCRP(0)) and after 1year (hsCRP(1)) and exploring associations with aortic valve replacement (AVR). Design We examined 1423 patients from the Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis study. Results During first year of treatment, hsCRP was reduced both in patients later receiving AVR (2.3 [0.9-4.9] to 1.8 [0.8-5.4] mg/l, p<0.001) and not receiving AVR (1.90 [0.90-4.10] to 1.3 [0.6-2.9] mg/l, p<0.001). In Cox-regression analyses, hsCRP(1) predicted later AVR (HR=1.17, p<0.001) independently of hsCRP(0) (HR=0.96, p=0.33), aortic valve area (AVA) and other risk factors. A higher rate of AVR was observed in the group with high hsCRP(0) and an increase during the first year (AVR(highCRP0CRP1inc)=47.3% versus AVR(highCRP0CRP1dec)=27.5%, p<0.01). The prognostic benefit of a 1-year reduction in hsCRP was larger in patients with high versus low hsCRP(0) eliminating the difference in incidence of AVR between high versus low hsCRP(0) (AVR(highCRP0CRP1dec)=27.5% versus AVR(lowCRP0CRP1dec)=25.8%, p=0.66) in patients with reduced hsCRP during the first year. Conclusions High hsCRP(1) or an increase in hsCRP during the first year of follow-up predicted later AVR independently of AVA, age, gender and other risk factors, although no significant improvement in C-statistics was observed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 50, no 3, 138-145 p.
Keyword [en]
Aortic stenosis, high-sensitive C-reactive protein, inflammation, in treatment measurement
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-123085DOI: 10.3109/14017431.2016.1151928ISI: 000377282900001PubMedID: 26911132OAI: diva2:943016
Available from: 2016-06-27 Created: 2016-06-27 Last updated: 2016-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Boman, Kurt
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