Financial Credibility, Financial Constraints and Rule of Law: A quantitative study on international firms
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Reducing firms’ financial constraints can be an important element for economic growth. Previous scholars have documented various factors that affect firms’ ability to access finance (e.g. Lambert et al., 2007, p. 385). In this study, we investigate the impact of financial reporting credibility in reducing firms’ financial constraints. In addition, we study the role that rule of law at a country level have on the above stated association. We hypothesize that financial reporting credibility decreases firms’ financial constraints. Then, we propose that the ability of financial reporting credibility to reduce financial constraints weakens when rule of law (at a country level) decreases. This is the first study to investigate how the association between financial reporting credibility and financial constraints are affected by rule of law on a country level, to the authors’ knowledge. The study uses 52,381 firms operating in 98 countries that responded to the World Bank’s Enterprise Surveys between the time period 2006 to 2015. Financial constraints are measured through a variable that takes into consideration the perceived amount of obstacles firms are facing in their current operations and the proxy for financial credibility is whether firms have been audited or not. Our moderating term is the World Bank’s rule of law index. By using both regression and matching analysis, we find a significant negative association between financial credibility and financial constraints. This indicates that increased financial reporting credibility leads to less financial constraints for firms. For the moderating effect of the rule of law, the results are insignificant. However, we observe that when the level of rule of law is high, increased financial credibility leads to minor improvements in access to external finance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 86 p.
auditing, enterprise survey, financial credibility, financial constraints, information asymmetry, rule of law.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-123034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-123034DiVA: diva2:943054
International Business Program
Salimi Sofla, Amin, Postgraduate student
Hellström, Jörgen, ProfessorSvanström, Tobias