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Ledarskapets effekt på prestation och upplevd motivation - en experimentell studie
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Ledarskapet anses ha stor påverkan på individers motivation inom sin idrott. Ledarskap kan, inom ramarna för Self-Determination Theory (SDT), i stort sorteras i två olika stilar, autonomistödjande respektive kontrollerande ledarskap. I dagsläget finns en brist på experimentella studier som jämför dessa två ledarskapsstilars påverkan på motivation. Denna studie syftade till att i en isolerad miljö undersöka hur ett autonomistödjande respektive ett kontrollerande ledarskap har en påverkan på inre motivation och prestation. I studien ingick 37 deltagare som under 20 minuter fick utföra en bygguppgift med lego under en neutral, autonomistödjande eller kontrollerande ledarskapsstil. Resultatet visade att den kontrollerande ledarskapsstilen hade en viss negativ påverkan på motivation och att gruppen kontroll angav en lägre upplevd kompetens än gruppen autonomi.  Ingen av ledarskapsstilarna hade någon effekt på prestation. Vidare visade sig upplevd motivation ha ett signifikant samband med prestation på bygguppgiften.

Abstract [en]

Within sports, leadership is considered having a great impact on individuals’ motivation. Leadership could, within a Self-Determination Theory (SDT) framework, be sorted into two different styles, autonomous and controlling leadership. There is a gap in current research concerning the effects of autonomous and controlling leadership on motivation in experimental settings. The aim of the present study was to, in an isolated environment, examine how an autonomy supportive- or a controlling leadership affects intrinsic motivation and performance. The study included 37 participants who, over a period of 20 minutes, performed a lego building task under a neutral, an autonomy supportive- or a controlling leadership style condition. The results indicated that the controlling leadership style had a negative impact on motivation and that the controlled group had lower perceived competence compared to the autonomous group. None of the leadership styles affected performance. Further, perceived motivation was found to significantly correlate with task.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [sv]
self-determination theory, prestation, motivation, ledarskap
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-123275OAI: diva2:944483
Educational program
Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Available from: 2016-06-30 Created: 2016-06-29 Last updated: 2016-07-01Bibliographically approved

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