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Attention to Emotions: Effects of Angry and Disappointed Deviance Distraction
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Emotional attention has been proposed to be a third distinct attentional process alongside exogenous and endogenous attention. Several studies have showed an attentional bias toward emotional compared to neutral stimuli, as well as attentional biases for certain emotions. This study investigated auditory (a standard tone, an angry deviant sound, and a disappointed deviant sound) and visual (angry and disappointed faces) stimuli in a cross-modal oddball task performed by forty participants. The task consisted of three conditions: standard (standard tone and angry or disappointed face), congruent (angry sound and angry face, or disappointed sound and disappointed face), and incongruent (angry sound and disappointed face, or vice versa). Results showed that both congruent and incongruent trials were more distracting than standard trials. When taking emotion into account, results showed that participants responded considerably faster and no distraction of the deviant was noted in congruent angry trials compared to congruent disappointed trials. This effect is possibly attributable to the level of arousal or threat that is inherent in the emotion of anger but not disappointment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 16 p.
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-123509OAI: diva2:946192
Subject / course
Masteruppsats i kognitionsvetenskap
Educational program
Master's Programme in Cognitive Science
Available from: 2016-08-17 Created: 2016-07-04 Last updated: 2016-08-17Bibliographically approved

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Hjärtström, Hanna
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