New Multicentury Evidence for Dispersal Limitation during Primary Succession
2016 (English)In: American Naturalist, ISSN 0003-0147, E-ISSN 1537-5323, Vol. 187, no 6, 804-811 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Primary succession is limited by both ecosystem development and plant dispersal, but the extent to which dispersal constrains succession over the long-term is unknown. We compared primary succession along two co-occurring arctic chronosequences with contrasting spatial scales: sorted circles that span a few meters and may have few dispersal constraints and glacial forelands that span several kilometers and may have greater dispersal constraints. Dispersal constraints slowed primary succession by centuries: plots were dominated by cryptogams after 20 years on circles but after 270 years on forelands; plots supported deciduous plants after 100 years on circles but after >400 years on forelands. Our study provides century-scale evidence suggesting that dispersal limitations constrain the rate of primary succession in glacial forelands.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 187, no 6, 804-811 p.
arctic, biomass, ecosystem development, foreland, glacier, growth form, soil C, sorted circle
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-123357DOI: 10.1086/686199ISI: 000376271400012PubMedID: 27172599OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-123357DiVA: diva2:946539