Cytotoxic and Inflammatory Responses Induced by Outer Membrane Vesicle-Associated Biologically Active Proteases from Vibrio cholerae
2016 (English)In: Infection and Immunity, ISSN 0019-9567, E-ISSN 1098-5522, Vol. 84, no 5, 1478-1490 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Proteases in Vibrio cholerae have been shown to play a role in its pathogenesis. V. cholerae secretes Zn-dependent hemagglutinin protease (HAP) and calcium-dependent trypsin-like serine protease (VesC) by using the type II secretion system (TIISS). Our present studies demonstrated that these proteases are also secreted in association with outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) and transported to human intestinal epithelial cells in an active form. OMV-associated HAP induces dose-dependent apoptosis in Int407 cells and an enterotoxic response in the mouse ileal loop (MIL) assay, whereas OMV-associated VesC showed a hemorrhagic fluid response in the MIL assay, necrosis in Int407 cells, and an increased interleukin-8 (IL-8) response in T84 cells, which were significantly reduced in OMVs from VesC mutant strain. Our results also showed that serine protease VesC plays a role in intestinal colonization of V. cholerae strains in adult mice. In conclusion, our study shows that V. cholerae OMVs secrete biologically active proteases which may play a role in cytotoxic and inflammatory responses.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 84, no 5, 1478-1490 p.
Cell and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-123471DOI: 10.1128/IAI.01365-15ISI: 000377106600022PubMedID: 26930702OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-123471DiVA: diva2:949248