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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor activation favours selective subcutaneous lipid deposition by coordinately regulating lipoprotein lipase modulators, fatty acid transporters and lipogenic enzymes
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2016 (English)In: Acta Physiologica, ISSN 1748-1708, E-ISSN 1748-1716, Vol. 217, no 3, 227-239 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Aim: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ activation is associated with preferential lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-mediated fatty acid storage in peripheral subcutaneous fat depots. How PPARγ agonism acts upon the multi-level modulation of depot-specific lipid storage remains incompletely understood.

Methods: We evaluated herein triglyceride-derived lipid incorporation into adipose tissue depots, LPL mass and activity, mRNA levels and content of proteins involved in the modulation of LPL activity and fatty acid transport, and the expression/activity of enzymes defining adipose tissue lipogenic potential in rats treated with the PPARγ ligand rosiglitazone (30 mg kg−1 day−1, 23 days) after either a 10-h fasting period or a 17-h fast followed by 6 h of ad libitum refeeding.

Results: Rosiglitazone stimulated lipid accretion in subcutaneous fat (SF) ~twofold and significantly reduced that of visceral fat (VF) to nearly half. PPARγ activation selectively increased LPL mass, activity and the expression of its chaperone LMF1 in SF. In VF, rosiglitazone had no effect on LPL activity and downregulated the mRNA levels of the transendothelial transporter GPIHBP1. Overexpression of lipid uptake and fatty acid transport proteins (FAT/CD36, FATP1 and FABP4) and stimulation of lipogenic enzyme activities (GPAT, AGPAT and DGAT) upon rosiglitazone treatment were of higher magnitude in SF.

Conclusions: Together these findings demonstrate that the depot-specific transcriptional control of LPL induced by PPARγ activation extends to its key interacting proteins and post-translational modulators to favour subcutaneous lipid storage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 217, no 3, 227-239 p.
Keyword [en]
adipose tissue, fat redistribution, fatty acid transport, lipoprotein lipase, peroxisome proliferator- tivated receptor, rosiglitazone
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124232DOI: 10.1111/apha.12665ISI: 000378737200007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-124232DiVA: diva2:950220
Available from: 2016-07-28 Created: 2016-07-28 Last updated: 2016-07-28Bibliographically approved

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Olivecrona, Gunilla
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Physiological chemistry
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