Development of a quantitative PCR method to explore the historical occurrence of a nuisance microalga under expansion
2016 (English)In: Harmful Algae, ISSN 1568-9883, E-ISSN 1878-1470, Vol. 56, 67-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
A number of marine and freshwater harmful algal bloom (HAB) species have colonized new areas and expanded their habitat range in recent years. Nevertheless it is notoriously difficult to establish when colonization first occurred, what the dispersal routes are, and to separate recent invasion from increases in existent but small populations. The freshwater raphidophyte Gonyostomum semen is a nuisance species that has expanded its habitat range and increased in abundance in northern Europe during the past decades. To evaluate to what extent sediments can be used for determining historic occurrence of G. semen, a quantitative real-time PCR method for detecting cysts of this algae was developed. This paper presents a qPCR protocol with a set of primers that are specific to Gonyostomum and with PCR conditions optimized for sediment samples from humic lakes, which are the common habitat of G. semen. With this sensitive method as few as 1.6 cysts per PCR reaction could be reliably quantified, corresponding to 320 cysts per g wet weight sediment Cysts were present in sediments with ages ranging from years to decades and their persistence allows detection of historic populations up to at least 50 years old. With this qPCR assay it will be possible to trace the presence of G. semen in environments prior to the onset of algae-specific monitoring programs as well as for quantification in water column samples.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 56, 67-76 p.
Invasion, Colonization, Benthic cysts, Raphidophyceae, qPCR, Gonyostomum semen
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources Other Biological Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124264DOI: 10.1016/j.hal.2016.04.012ISI: 000379277100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-124264DiVA: diva2:950619