Magnetic deflagration and detonation in crystals of nanomagnets
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In this thesis we cover the dynamics of the macro magnetic transformations (spin avalanches) in crystals of molecular nanomagnets, also known as magnetic deflagration and detonation.
Taking a single-molecule Hamiltonian, we calculate the dependence of Zeeman energy and the activation energy as a function of an external magnetic field at different angles relative to the easy axis of the crystal. Using quantum mechanical calculations, we show that the energy levels of the molecule exhibit complex behavior in presence of a transverse component of the magnetic field. For an arbitrarily aligned magnetic field, the energy levels do not arrange in a simple "double-well" manner. We extend existing theoretical models by generalizing the Zeeman energy for a wide range of magnetic fields and its different orientations.
We obtain a new type of front instability in magnetization-switching media. Due to the dipole-dipole interaction between the molecules magnetic instability results to the front banding and change in the front propagation velocity. The magnetic instability has a universal physical nature similar to the Darrieus-Landau instability. The instability growth rate and the cutoff length are calculated for the spin avalanches in the crystals of nanomagnets.
Finally, we investigate the internal structure of the magnetic detonation front. We calculate the continuous shock profile using the transport processes of the crystal such as thermal conduction and volume viscosity. Such an approach can be applied to any weak shock wave in solids. Zero volume viscosity leads to an isothermal jump, i.e., the temperature changes continuously while the pressure and the density experience discontinuity. The analysis has shown that the volume viscosity plays a major role in the formation of the detonation front.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University , 2016. , 40 p.
Nanomagnets, magnetic deflagration, front instability, Zeeman energy, magnetic instability, magnetic detonation, weak detonation
Research subject Physics Of Matter
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124445ISBN: 978-91-7601-534-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-124445DiVA: diva2:952143
2016-09-05, MC413, MIT-huset, Umeå, 13:00 (English)
Tejada, Javier, Professor
List of papers