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Production of bacterial nanocellulose and enzyme from [AMIM]Cl-pretreated waste cotton fabrics: effects of dyes on enzymatic saccharification and nanocellulose production
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. China-Sweden Associated Research Laboratory in Industrial Biotechnology,College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Donghua Uni-versity, Shanghai, 201620, China.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of chemical technology and biotechnology (1986), ISSN 0268-2575, E-ISSN 1097-4660, Vol. 91, no 5, 1413-1421 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND Dyed used cotton textiles is a waste material associated with environmental problems. In this study, waste dyed cotton fabrics were used as feedstock for production of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) with Gluconacetobacter xylinus and production of enzymes with Trichoderma reesei via enzymatic saccharification.

RESULTS Reactive dyes caused almost no inhibition of the cellulase activity at a concentration of 5 g L-1, but decreased the BNC production at concentrations higher than 1 g L-1. The BNC yield reached 12.8 g L-1 with cotton hydrolysate, which was 48% higher than with glucose-based medium. The spent fermentation broth after BNC harvest was subsequently utilized for enzyme production. Cellulase activities produced by T. reesei reached 5.3 U mL(-1) with spent detoxified purple bed sheet (PBS) hydrolysate, and 8.2 U mL(-1) with 2-fold diluted spent PBS hydrolysate, which was almost the same or higher than with glucose medium (5.6 U mL(-1)). The xylanase activities (60.2 U mL(-1) and 88.0 U mL(-1)) obtained with the two media were 3-4 times higher than that obtained with glucose medium (21.0 U mL(-1)).

CONCLUSION This approach could contribute to economical conversion of cellulosic waste to two high value-added microbial products, while also providing new raw materials for a more sustainable textile industry. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 91, no 5, 1413-1421 p.
Keyword [en]
waste cotton fabrics, effects of dyes, enzymatic saccharification, bacterial cellulose, Gluconacetobacter xylinus, enzyme production, Trichoderma reesei
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120611DOI: 10.1002/jctb.4738ISI: 000373611600025OAI: diva2:952651
Available from: 2016-08-15 Created: 2016-05-18 Last updated: 2016-08-15Bibliographically approved

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Jönsson, Leif J.
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