Real-time in situ multi-parameter TDLAS sensing in the reactor core of an entrained-flow biomass gasifier
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, ISSN 1540-7489, E-ISSN 1873-2704Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) was used to measure several important process parameters at two different locations inside the reactor of an atmospheric, air-blown 0.1 MWth biomass gasifier. Direct TDLAS at 2298 nm was employed for carbon monoxide (CO) and water vapor (H2O), calibration-free scanned wavelength modulation spectroscopy at 1398 nm for H2O and gas temperature, and direct TDLAS at 770 nm for gaseous elemental potassium, K(g), under optically thick conditions. These constitute the first in situ measurements of K(g) and temperature in a reactor core and in biomass gasification, respectively. In addition, soot volume fractions were determined at all TDLAS wavelengths, and employing fixed-wavelength laser extinction at 639 nm. Issues concerning the determination of the actual optical path length, as well as temperature and species non-uniformities along the line-of-sight are addressed. During a 2-day measurement campaign, peat and stem wood powder were first combusted at an air equivalence ratio (lambda) of 1.2 and then gasified at lambdas of 0.7, 0.6, 0.5, 0.4 and 0.35. Compared to uncorrected thermocouple measurements in the gas stream, actual average temperatures in the reactor core were significantly higher. The CO concentrations at the lower optical access port were comparable to those obtained by gas chromatography at the exhaust. In gasification mode, similar H2O values were obtained by the two different TDLAS instruments. The measured K(g) concentrations were compared to equilibrium calculations. Overall, the reaction time was found to be faster for peat than for stem wood. All sensors showed good performance even in the presence of high soot concentrations, and real-time detection was useful in resolving fast, transient behaviors, such as changes in stoichiometry. Practical implications of in-situ TDLAS monitoring on the understanding and control of gasification processes are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy, Biomass gasification, Gas temperature, Potassium, Carbon monoxide
Chemical Process Engineering Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics Energy Systems Bioenergy Energy Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124706DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2016.07.011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-124706DiVA: diva2:954411