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Regulation versus deregulation: Policy divergence between Swedish forestry and the Swedish pulp and paper industry after the 1990s
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
2016 (English)In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 73, 10-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article reviews the divergence of environmental regulatory arrangements in the Swedish forestry sector in relation to the closely-linked Swedish pulp and paper industry. The study finds that while the Swedish forestry sector was deregulated in 1993, with decreased state intervention in forest management, the pulp and paper sector has remained controlled by strong national mandatory requirements which have been further strengthened by European Union Directives after the 1990s. We suggest that one reason for the persistent, strict mandatory regulation of the pulp and paper sector is that conflicting goals between environmental protection and production growth have been aligned through technological change, while such a strong alignment of conflicting interests has not been possible to achieve in the forestry sector. Thus, policy divergence between the forestry and the pulp and paper industries may be explained by the success of established regulatory paths in the case of the pulp and paper industry, while in forestry deregulation has instead been used to, at least formally, increase focus on protection of the environment while maintaining a high level of productivity. Further studies in other sectors and countrieswill be necessary to clarify the specific role of, for example, discourses of deregulation and concepts of competitive advantage concerning e.g. particular actor's roles in specific elements of regulative change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå, 2016. Vol. 73, 10-17 p.
Keyword [en]
Environmental regulation, Policy divergence, Forestry, Pulp and paper, Sweden
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Research subject
sustainable development
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124726DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2016.07.003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-124726DiVA: diva2:954580
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2016-09-14Bibliographically approved

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Bergquist, Ann-KristinKeskitalo, E. Carina H.
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