Long-term effects of executive process training in young and old adults
2016 (English)In: Neuropsychological rehabilitation (Print), ISSN 0960-2011, E-ISSN 1464-0694, Vol. 26, no 5-6, 761-782 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Prior studies have examined the magnitude of training and transfer effects after process-based training in early and late adulthood. However, little is known about how long-lasting these effects are. Here we investigate the degree of stability of training gains and transfer effects in younger and older adults 18 months after completion of executive process training, tapping updating, inhibition, and shifting. From the original sample, 24 out of 30 older participants, and 19 out of 29 young adults, returned for follow-up assessment at which the criterion and transfer tests from pre- and post-test were re-administered. The results demonstrated stability of training gains in the updating criterion task (Letter Memory Running Span), and in a near transfer updating task (Number Memory Running Span) for both age groups. The young adults improved performance in two complex working memory tasks immediately after training. These transfer effects did not survive across time. Our results provide evidence that executive process training has its greatest effect on transfer tasks with a substantial process overlap with the trained tasks: only those effects are maintained over an 18 month period in both early and late adulthood.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 26, no 5-6, 761-782 p.
Cognitive training, Executive functions, Long-term effects, Working memory, Updating, Shifting, hibition
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-125575DOI: 10.1080/09602011.2015.1108205ISI: 000380246100005PubMedID: 26599201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-125575DiVA: diva2:970568