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A Phase III randomized, double-blind, clinical trial of an investigational hexavalent vaccine given at 2, 4, and 11-12 months
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
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2016 (English)In: Vaccine, ISSN 0264-410X, E-ISSN 1873-2518, Vol. 34, no 33, 3810-3816 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Combination vaccines simplify vaccination visits and improve coverage and timeliness. DTaP5-HB-IPV-Hib is a new investigational, fully-liquid, combination vaccine designed to protect against 6 infectious diseases, including 5 pertussis antigens and OMPC instead of PT as conjugated protein for Hib component.

Methods: In this multicenter, double-blind, comparator-controlled, Phase III study (NCT01480258) conducted in Sweden, Italy, and Finland, healthy infants were randomized 1:1 to receive one two immunization regimens. The DTaP5-HB-IPV-Hib Group received the investigational hexavalent vaccine (DTaP5-HB-IPV-Hib) and the Control Group received Infanrix-hexa (DTPa3-HBV-IPV/Hib) at 2, 4 and 11-12 months of age. Both groups received concomitantly Prevnar 13 (PCV13) and Rotateq (RV5) or Rotarix (RV1) at 2, 4 months of age and PCV13 at 11-12 months. Subjects administered RV5 received a 3rd dose at 5 months of age.

Results: A total of 656 subjects were randomized to the DTaP5-HB-IPV-Hib Group and 659 subjects to Control Group. Immune responses to all vaccine antigens post-toddler dose were non-inferior in the DTaP5-HB-IPV-Hib Group as compared to the Control Group. Additionally, the post-dose 2 and pre-toddler DTaP5-HB-IPV-Hib anti-PRP responses were superior. The DTaP5-HB-IPV-Hib Group responses to concomitant RV1 were non-inferior compared to the Control Group. Solicited adverse event rates after any dose were similar in both groups, except for higher rates of pyrexia (6.4% difference; 95% CI: 1.5,11.3) and somnolence (5.8% difference; 95% CI: 1.7,9.8) in the DTaP5-HB-IPV-Hib Group. Vaccine-related serious adverse events occurred infrequently in the DTaP5-HB-IPV-Hib Group (0.3%) and the Control Group (0.5%).

Conclusions: The safety and immunogenicity of DTaP5-HB-IPV-Hib is generally comparable to Control when administered in the 2, 4, 11-12 month schedule. Early Hib responses were superior versus Control. DTaP5-HB-IPV-Hib could provide a new hexavalent option for pediatric combination vaccines, aligned with recommended immunizations in Europe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 34, no 33, 3810-3816 p.
Keyword [en]
DTaP, Polio, Hib, Hepatitis B, Hexavalent, Vaccine, Safety, Immunogenicity
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-125589DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.05.054ISI: 000380418600017PubMedID: 27288217OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-125589DiVA: diva2:973940
Available from: 2016-09-23 Created: 2016-09-13 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved

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