Protected area governance in Sweden: new modes of governance or business as usual?
2016 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, 1-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
ABSTRACTThis paper explores whether ambitions to open up the traditional Swedish model of top-down conservation methods to local influences are indicative of an actual transition in governance of Swedish national park policy (NPP), and examines whether such a shift entails an increase in local influence over local interests and needs. Methodologically, we analyse a combination of governance types and incorporate theoretical definitions of power and accountability. The establishment of new governance arrangements ? where power is shared, interactions promoted and accountability is directed downwards ? indicates that Sweden's NPP is undergoing a change in its mode of governance. This change also seems to include ceding some influence to local interests, and the possibility of combining conservation with the utilisation of certain natural resources. The results of our research also provide valuable insights into when the establishment of shared-governance arrangements are likely to succeed; in short, this seems more likely when there are established sectors sited in a robust legal framework and where strong international commitments potentially play a role. In conclusion, we contend that when seeking diversified governance arrangements it is not enough simply to take local practices and customs into consideration ? they have to be strengthened.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. 1-16 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126066DOI: 10.1080/13549839.2016.1154518OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-126066DiVA: diva2:974853