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Conditional crisis?: Ecological challenges and conditions of growth during the agricultural revolution in southern Sweden, c. 1700–1900
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7545-6991
2017 (English)In: Economic history review, ISSN 0013-0117, E-ISSN 1468-0289, Vol. 70, no 1, 171-186 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Was there an agro-ecological crisis in Europe which preceded and contributed to pushing forward the agricultural revolution? This article presents a new theoretical and empirical approach to this controversial perspective on agricultural transformation and relates to an ongoing debate on conditions of growth in pre-industrial societies. The results demonstrate that there were indeed indicators of a crisis, which grew stronger during the eighteenth century and culminated in the early nineteenth century. The crisis was, however, not general, but was rather restricted to areas that stand out due to poor natural conditions for agriculture. In other words, the crisis was conditional. Furthermore, the findings show that the crisis could push forward changes that were important for enabling agricultural transformation and growth. However, both the emergence and reversal of the crisis were connected to new opportunities opened up by market development. Enough differences were found between different types of regions to suggest that there were many development paths within the agricultural transformation process, and that they were not necessarily linear.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 70, no 1, 171-186 p.
National Category
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126089DOI: 10.1111/ehr.12335ISI: 000393407900008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-126089DiVA: diva2:975071
Available from: 2016-09-28 Created: 2016-09-28 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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